The difference between a democracy and a republic

As I stated in the post below, we discussed the differences between a democracy and a republic at our last meeting. Here is what the Army training manual has to say about this:

From: U.S. Army Training Manual No. 2000-25,
Published in 1928
Government Manual Defines a “Democracy”
1. A government of the masses.
2. Authority derived through mass meetings or any other form of “direct”
expression.
3. Results in mobocracy.
4. Attitude toward property is communistic- negating property rights.
5. Attitude toward law is that the will of the majority shall regulate, whether is be
based upon deliberation or government by passion, prejudice, and impulse,
without restraint or regard to consequences.
6. Results in demagogism, license, agitation, discontent, anarchy.
James Madison on Democracy:
Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever
been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and
have in general been as short in th~ lives as they have been violent in their
deaths.
(Federalist Papers, No. 10, page 81.)

Government Manual Defines a Republic
1. Authority is derived through the election by the people of public officials best
fitted to represent them.
2. Attitude toward property is respect for laws and individual rights, and a
sensible economic procedure.
3. Attitude toward law is the administration of justice in accord with fixed
principles and established evidence, with a strict regard for consequences.
4. A greater number of citizens and extent of territory may be brought within its
compass.
5. Avoids the dangerous extreme of either tyranny or mobocracy.
6. Results in statesmanship, liberty, reason, justice, contentment and progress.
James Madison on a Republic:
We may define a republic to be … a government which derives all its powers
directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by
persons holding their offices during (the people’s) pleasure for a limited period, or
during good behavior. (Federalist Papers, No. 39, page 241.)
This information can be found in the 5000 Year Leap, pg. 157-158.

America is a Republic. The way the constitution was originally set up the House of Representatives would represent the people. They would be elected by popular vote and serve a term of two years. The Senate would represent the states and would be appointed by the state legislature. They would serve a six-year term. This is a complex republic. The 17th amendment changed the way we elect senators. They are now elected by popular vote which changes our government from a complex republic to a simple republic. This resulted in the states not having a voice in the federal government and transferred more power to the feds. This is not in line with the limited government that the founders intended.

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